What is Guillain-Barre Syndrome and why has Peru declared a health emergency to contain it?

According to the official information you posted Ministry of Health Peru, decree Health emergency It has a duration of 90 days and will allow the authorities to expedite the procurement of supplies and medicines to deal with the sudden situation increase in cases more dangerous than Guillain-Barre syndrome.

Peruvian Minister of Health, Cesar Vasquez, stated that “there was Significant increase in recent weeks which obliges us to take action as a country to protect the health and life of the population.”

What is Guillain-Barre syndrome?

Guillain-Barre syndrome is a rare neurological disease in which it occurs The immune system attacks peripheral nerves.

Classified as a disease Autoimmunein which the immune system itself begins to attack certain parts of the individual’s body, in this case the peripheral nervous system, which is responsible for communication between the brain and the various regions and structures of the body.

Guillain-Barré disease affects the peripheral nervous systemBBC

What causes Guillain-Barre syndrome?

The syndrome is usually triggered by a Previous infectious process.

series of Viruses and bacteria They have been identified as triggers, including pathogens that cause Zika, dengue, chikungunya, HIV, hepatitis A, B, and C, and covid-19.

However, health authorities point out that “many viruses and bacteria have been tentatively associated with the development of Guillain-Barre syndrome, although it is generally difficult to establish the exact cause of the disease.”

The disease is more common in the age group From 20 to 40 years old.

Experts point it out Early detection It is crucial to the patient’s recovery.

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The main diagnostic methods include clinical tests, nerve conduction studies, and cerebrospinal fluid analysis. Treatment may include supportive therapy, intravenous immunoglobulin or plasmapheresis. It is important to consult your physician for specific information and care.

Timely treatment prevents the disease from progressing and affecting muscles vital to survival, such as the diaphragm, which plays a key role in breathing.

the The first symptoms They tend to be Weakness and tingling in the hands and feet.

These sensations can spread quickly and paralyze the entire body over time.

Most people who suffer from it need to be hospitalized. Although most infected people recover, severe cases can be fatal.

What could have triggered Guillain-Barre Syndrome in Peru?

The Peruvian government has not judged me Possible reasons Increased cases in the country.

Experts indicate the possibility of occurrence Dengue epidemic For months it mainly affected northern Peru.

According to official figures, this disease is transmitted by mosquitoes Aedes aegypti It caused 248 deaths in the first half of 2023 alone. There are already more than 146,000 cases and the health crisis cost the then health secretary, Rosa Gutierrez, his job on June 15.

Infection scientist Raquel Stocchi, from Campinas State University in Brazil, told BBC Brasil:Dengue could be an explanation for thisbut a broader analysis is required to ensure that other agents are not behind this situation.”

BBC World

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