People tend to direct behaviours In pursuit of various goals and objectives. On many occasions, these Objectives They are very far from the present moment in which we find ourselves, so we must carry out a series of behaviors, following certain steps, without receiving immediate rewards.
In this continuous process, where the sources of gratification are nowhere near, we must be in control Cognitive and behavioral motivesin order to prevent us from straying from purpose-motivated behaviors.
For example, the case of a student, whose goal is to graduate far away, and the days before taking an exam should prevent the impulse to leave home and the behavior of staying to study.
In this sense, we can define impulsivity as that tendency an act without premeditation on their own consequenceswhich leads to rapid, unplanned behaviors and where the urgent need for immediate reinforcement prevails, ”explains Matias Sanchez Sanda, member of the Department of Cognitive Psychotherapy at INES.
Impulsivity can be visualized in two ways: behavioral impulsiveness and cognitive impulse. The first case refers to the difficulty of preventing physical or verbal actions due to a Quick reaction. It manifests as an inability to resist doing or saying inappropriate things in a given context, associated with an exaggerated attraction to immediate rewards.
On the other hand, the Cognitive impulse Associated with disorganized behaviour, It is associated with difficulties in planning, organizing and managing time. This manifests itself in difficulty assessing the situation and making hasty decisions based on insufficient information.
“the difficulties that can occur when controlling impulses can lead to multiple everyday problems, such as: deviating from the activities being performed, losing focus, not completing tasks, drawing wrong conclusions in different situations or contexts, having further discussions or Personal problems. For this reason, it is very important to be able to control our impulses, ”emphasizes Mr. Sanda.
Here are neuroscience strategies we can use to develop better impulse control: