In ancient Egypt, hockey was supposed to be the first roots. By modern times it can develop little by little as a hobby and sport in UK schools. Then it later spread to Asian and African countries. It is currently known worldwide, especially in countries such as India, Pakistan and Australia, where it is one of the most popular shows.
The sport made its debut at the London Olympics in 1908. The tournament was held with the participation of six men’s teams, and England took first place. Later he was excluded several times from the Olympic program for not being considered a professional sports practice. As of 1928 their residency at the Games was reformed and the women’s class was added in Moscow 1980.
One of the game’s greatest developments occurred in 1976, when the first Olympic Games were held Change the pitch from natural grass to artificial material. With this change, there were significant changes in tactics and especially in the way the body and ball were handled, as it moved more slowly on natural grass. Later hockey balls managed to climb to 200 km / h. One of the moves made in search of a bigger scene was the elimination of stealth, as the games increased speed along with the number of annotations.
The teams consist of 11 players outside the field and five substitutes. Which Continuous entry and exit Because it is unlimited. The ball used is called bocce and the object of the game is to get it into the opponent’s goal. It is strictly forbidden to touch the ball with the hands or feet, except for the goalkeeper. Matches are 60 minutes long, divided into four quarters.
The courts are 91.4 meters long and 55 meters wide. A semicircle was drawn around the arcs to form the spaces. Goals can only be scored when you are inside this space. Matches are directed by two referees located in two designated locations to cover as much visibility as possible and in the most difficult cases, technology is used to support the VAR.
NS Tokyo 2020 Tournaments will be played Feminine and masculine, With 12 teams per branch. The participating countries will play the group stage, with four of them selected to play the semi-finals. Final and semi-final matches may have an extension if the end result is a tie. Teams will have seven more minutes to score a ‘goal win’.
If there is no breakout break, the game ends with five penalty kicks, similar to soccer. The building that will host the Olympic competition meetings will be Oi Hockey Stadium in Tokyo. Scheduled dates are July 25 to August 7.
The most prominent countries in this discipline during the Olympic Games were India and Great Britain. Recently, countries like Australia, Germany and Argentina have also managed to shine with multiple victories and championships. Defenders of Heroes Rio 2016 They are Argentinians on the male side and English on the female side.
JJOO field hockey medal table:
India: 11 medals (8 gold, 1 silver, 2 bronze)
Great Britain: 9 medals (3 gold, 2 silver, 4 bronze)
Netherlands: 9 medals (2 gold, 4 silver, 3 bronze)
Netherlands: 7 medals (3 gold, 1 silver, 3 bronze)
Argentina: 4 medals (2 silver and 2 bronze)
Australia: 3 medals (3 golds)