According to a report published on Tuesday, Germany, China, Spain and the United Kingdom are the richest countries driving the push towards renewable energy.
Climate Group International, a non-profit organization, organizes the G20 countries on this list according to their ambition and progress, awarding them with grades from A to E.
Spain, as a permanent guest of the G-20, is one of the countries included in this report.
Some countries such as Australia, India, the United States and Japan are expanding slowly, while others such as Canada and Brazil have poor ratings, despite high consumption of renewable electricity.
Saudi Arabia and Russia remain at the bottom of the list.
“What we have realized in the Climate Group for several years is the importance of climate policies to allow rapid action on renewables,” Mike Pearce, executive director of systems change at the NGO, told AFP.
The report – published at the annual Climate Week event in New York, on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly – was designed with a group of 380 leading industries committed to being 100% renewable.
The report assesses, among other things, areas such as zero emissions targets, the projected target for renewable energies, the percentage of renewable energy in installed capacity in 2021 and additional installed capacity in the same year.
Spain, with an A grade, has been praised for setting itself the goal of delivering “one of the most ambitious renewable energy policies in the European Union” with all the new additions to capacity coming from green energy in the past decade.
Renewables also, in the case of Spain, account for 21% of its total consumption in 2020, exceeding its 20% target, with plans to increase this figure to 43% by 2030 and 97% in 2050, when the neutrality target should be reached. climatic.
C-ranked India is ranked fourth in the world for its installed capacity of 158 gigawatts of renewable energy, but while there are major signs of ambition in the central government, the report points to rising capital costs and grid challenges. challenges.
Brazil and Canada were “late” with D ratings despite their abundance of hydropower. The Climate Group report urges diversification given that severe droughts are putting the future of energy production at risk.
On the other hand, the proportion of clean energy in Canada in relation to the total energy consumed, from 25.8% in 2009 to less than 25% by the end of 2019. With the goal set in 2050 to reach neutrality, the northern American state lacks control over dates on The Road.
In order to improve, countries must draw up strict road maps with checkpoints and implement financial solutions to attract investor confidence.
“As Europe undergoes the stress of the energy crisis, its leaders are regretting that they did not make a faster transition to fossil fuels. They should not lock themselves in more harmful emissions,” Pearce said.
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