How does the Temporary Protection Act work, which benefits more than 300,000 Venezuelans in the United States

Pictured is Venezuelans at Doral Central Park, Doral, Miami-Dade, Florida (USA). EFE / Giorgio Vieira / Archive

President Joe Biden kept his electoral promise and on Monday by decree, Venezuelans in the United States appointed the Temporary Protection Act (TPS) for an 18-month period.This would allow more than 300,000 of them to leave the immigration state of forgetfulness and be able to reside and work legally in the country.

The measure officially took effect Tuesday, when it was published in the Federal Register, the official gazette of the government in which laws, regulations, and public notices are published.

And as of the date of its publication, Interested Venezuelans will have 180 days to take advantage of this program.

Below, all the necessary information about TPS that benefits the hundreds of thousands of Venezuelans who fled their country as a result of the Chavista dictatorship.

What is TPS?

TPS stands for Temporary Protected Status, or Spanish Temporary Protected Status. The immigration program was established in 1990, and the United States granted exceptional permits to immigrants from countries affected by war conflicts, natural disasters, epidemics, or other conditions that do not make the return of citizens to their countries of origin safe.. As the United States Secretary of National Security, Alejandro Mayorcas, stated: “The current conditions for living in Venezuela reveal a state in chaos, incapable of protecting its citizens.”

Who benefits?

Only Venezuelans already in the United States as of March 8, 2021, will be able to benefit.

How does this process work?

On March 9, the registration period opens, which ends on September 5, 2021. A person must apply for the TPS. Costs range from $ 50 for children under 14 to $ 545 for those who also apply for a work permit. Protection was extended until September 9, 2022.

Venezuelans are taking part in voting for the popular advice promoted by Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaidó today, from Doral Central Park, Doral, Miami-Dade, Florida (USA).  EFE / Giorgio Vieira
Venezuelans are taking part in voting for the popular advice promoted by Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaidó today, from Doral Central Park, Doral, Miami-Dade, Florida (USA). EFE / Giorgio Vieira

What are the benefits of TPS?

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If approved, A person cannot be removed or deported from the United States and receives a work permit for a specified period of time. Each family member must be eligible and apply independently to receive TPS benefits. It also allows permission to travel to the required place. Once granted, the beneficiary can apply for a Social Security number.

How is DED different from TPS?

Deferred Forced Departure (DED) is a deportation ban issued by an Executive Order on January 19, 2019. The work permit is only valid until July 20, 2022, which is a shorter period than TPS. Circle is a presidential order and instead, TPS has a broader legal basis that is protected by law and broadens the rights of the beneficiary.

What documents does the applicant need?

Documents proving identity and nationality (birth certificate, passport copy, driver’s license or government ID card, etc.)

Evidence to demonstrate continued presence in the United States as of the specified date. (Tax records, leases, bank statements, insurance policies, bills, medical records, school records, etc.)

Documents that prove that you have not been arrested, charged, or convicted of a crime.

Previous immigration application documents, notices, records, and supporting documents submitted or received by any US government agency.

Four passport size photos on a white background.

Official information on TPS

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