COP26 chief Alok Sharma acknowledged today that “differences exist” between countries in aspects such as the rate of emissions cuts between now and 2050 and the abandonment of coal as an energy source, less than a hundred days after the freeze. United Nations Climate Summit in the United Kingdom.
The British politician appeared before the press with Mexican Executive Secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Patricia Espinosa, at the end of a meeting in London to prepare for the meeting with Heads of State and Government that will take place between October 31 and November 12 in the Scottish city of Glasgow.
Both noted that this two-day meeting – attended by ministers from 51 countries, such as Spain’s Teresa Ribera and her colleagues from China or the United States – was “Very productive,” although Sharma cautioned that there were still inconsistencies, and Espinosa said that “there are many duties that need to be done” for COP26 to succeed.
The two highlighted it as the main advance of the London event, held in person and almost, the general consensus on that “A package of specific measures must be agreed upon in order to stay within reach of the goal of limiting global warming to 1.5°C.”.
Giving up coal as a priority
Sharma expressed his “disappointment” that the G20 was unable to agree last week, mainly due to the opposition of China and India, a “message to give up coal”, a key step to achieving 1.5 degrees Celsius that will determine the outcome. for the Scottish Summit.
“We would like to see coal go down in history at COP26“It is necessary to agree on the transition to green energy if the goals signed in the 2015 Paris Agreement are to be achieved to combat climate change,” said the governor, who stressed that “it is essential to agree on the transition to green energy.”
Espinosa said that within days of the July 31 deadline, 97 “nationally determined contributions” (NDCs) were received, reflecting each country’s efforts to reduce national emissions and adapt to the effects of climate change.
The representative of the United Nations indicated that they are working with the various countries to present their commitments to reduce carbon dioxide emissions as soon as possible or to “review” their positions if they are considered insufficient.
More funding for developing countries
Among the positive decisions of the London meeting, Sharma noted that Germany and Canada will draw up a plan to facilitate the achievement of the goal achieved in 2009 that developed countries – the most historically polluters – contribute at least $100,000 million annually so that those who do develop. Countries can adapt to the impact of climate change, and suffer disproportionately even though they pollute far less.
“I hope we can restore confidence to developing countries”, Sharma said at the press conference.
In addition to mobilizing climate finance and increasing resources to adapt to the effects of global warming, another issue addressed in London was the finalization of regulations for implementing the Paris Agreement, particularly with regard to Article 6, which defines the functioning of carbon markets.
In this sense, Sharma acknowledged that “there was no agreement” but they moved “ahead”.
In addition to the above countries, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba and Peru, as well as Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Russia, Egypt and Indonesia participated in the London meeting. Kenya, Morocco or the European Union. Everdi