Diplomacy began to bear fruit, and the first meetings to be held these days in the Turkish city of Istanbul between the delegations of Ukraine and Russia concluded with some progress.
for a start, Ukraine is ready to abandon all military alliances, including joining NATOIn return, dozens of countries signed a binding agreement to protect the country from attacks.
“We want an international mechanism that works along the lines of NATO’s Article 5.”Head of the Ukrainian delegation David Arhamia told reporters in Istanbul. “We would like the guarantor countries to be the countries of the UN Security Council – the United Kingdom, China, Russia, the United States and France – as well as Turkey, Germany, Canada, Poland and Israel,” the parliamentarian said.
In the event of an attack or aggression against Ukraine, Kiev can demand consultations within three days, and if the issue is not resolved through diplomatic channels, it will be entitled to obtain military assistance, including declaring a no-fly zone, according to Arhamia. . The approval proposed by his delegation.
If these guarantees are given, “Ukraine will agree to be neutral, will not possess nuclear weapons, and will not allow the presence of foreign military bases on its territory.”Another member of the Ukrainian delegation, Oleksander Chalyi, added.
Negotiation of the status of Donetsk, Luhansk and Crimea
On the other hand, negotiator Mikhailo Podolyak pointed out that This agreement will not cover the “territories temporarily occupied by Russia” of the unilaterally proclaimed People’s Republics of Donetsk and Luhansk, nor Crimea.which was illegally annexed by Russia in 2014.
In any case, the Ukrainian representative stressed, the proposal “does not provide for Ukraine’s use of force to liberate these territories.” The status of these territories with Russia must be negotiated separately for 15 years..
On the other hand, Shali emphasized that The agreement will in no way exclude Ukraine from joining the European Union But, on the contrary, the guarantor states will actively support the accession.
If there is a final agreement, then its content must be approved in a referendum by the people of Ukraine, Once all Russian forces leave the area, the agreement signed under pressure will be voidnoted the Ukrainian delegation.
Russia reduces attacks in Kyiv and Chernigov
For its part, the government Russia has announced that it will significantly reduce its military operations against the Ukrainian capital, Kyiv, and the city of Chernigov. After what he considered “constructive” talks.
Russian Deputy Defense Minister Alexander Fomin said that the goal is to “increase mutual trust and create the necessary conditions for new negotiations.”
Russian Deputy Defense Minister Alexander Fomin explained that the decision seeks to “increase mutual trust and create the necessary conditions for new negotiations, with the ultimate goal of signing an agreement” with the Ukrainian authorities.
Accordingly, he explained that the decision was also due to the fact that “the negotiations on preparations for Agreement on Neutrality and Non-Nuclear Status of UkraineIt is moving forward in practice, as well as providing security guarantees for Ukraine.”
Fomin stressed, as reported by the Russian news agency Interfax, that “we are starting from the basis that the main decisions will be adopted in Kyiv and that the conditions for further official work will be created.”
Minutes before that, the head of the Russian delegation to negotiations in Istanbul, Vladimir Medinsky, revealed that Moscow will adopt two measures to ease tension in Ukraine, one of which is at the military level that Fomin will announce. even in, He first hinted at the possibility of signing a “treaty” between Kyiv and Moscow.
Of course, Medinsky made it clear that signing the said treaty “will not be a simple matter”, since the meeting at which it will “probably” will take place should include not only Russia and Ukraine, but also “the guarantors of peace and security”. in Ukraine.
In this sense, Medinsky stressed that the talks were “constructive” and added that the Russian delegation had received from its Ukrainian counterparts a “clear position to reach an agreement”, according to the Russian news agency TASS.
“We have received proposals from Ukraine for consideration. It is a clearly formulated position,” he explained, stressing that “these proposals will be considered in the near future and submitted to the President (Vladimir Putin).” “We will give an answer,” he settled.
This Tuesday was the fifth face-to-face meeting between the two delegations since the invasion began, three in Belarus and two in Turkey, although negotiations have practically taken place daily by videoconference in recent weeks.