Britain’s exit from the European Union has consequences for carriers that were not initially taken into account, such as a ban on coastal navigation in France upon return from the United Kingdom, where it has become a third country.
The United Kingdom is a third country, which does not belong to the European Union, which means that returning from the mode of transport that is made to that country means that the inland transport cannot be made in another EU country, which is called cabotage. why? Because the regulations governing cabotage make it very clear: you can carry out internal transport in a country where there is no headquarters or institution as long as it is a result of the continuation of international transport between two member states of the European Union.
The United Kingdom is no longer the case, so Spanish carriers coming from the United Kingdom are prohibited from carrying out sea transport in France (or in any other country), and many of them are empty due to the increased bureaucratic burden of crossing border times and customs administrative burdens that a non-EU country is supposed to leave. European loaded and enter the territory of the European Union.
It should be borne in mind that France is the societal country that absorbs the largest amount of maritime transport by Spanish companies: 89.2% of the total coastal navigation carried out by Spanish carriers. The rest is distributed between Portugal 3.1%, Italy 2.8% and Germany 2.3%.
Yes, international transportation can take place upon return from the UK, and loading in France with a destination to another country, but the loading does not take place in France with a destination within France.