15 dic 2021 14:19 GMT
Within the ExoMars program, an exploration vehicle and a lander are scheduled to land on the Red Planet in 2023, a process that requires a complex parachute system made up of several massive bells.
The European Space Agency, ESA, has conducted the first successful high-altitude tests of the parachute system for the ExoMars-2022 Mars rover lander, mentioned This Tuesday the same organization.
Two high-altitude parachute system tests were conducted in the US state of Oregon on November 21 and December 3, aimed at ensuring the landing of Rosalind Franklin (ExoMars Mission Reconnaissance Vehicle) and the safe landing of Kazachok on Mars, the operation scheduled for June 2023 within the joint project of the Russian Space Agency ESA and Roscosmos.
The European Space Agency said that both massive main parachutes, 35 and 15 meters in diameter, were deployed and allowed the simulated unit’s easy landing. “Both parachutes are beautifully deployed,” said Thierry Blanqueart, ExoMars Program Head at the European Space Agency.
The first phase of the ExoMars program began in 2016, when the Trace Gas Orbiter and the Schiaparelli experimental lander were launched. The second part of the project will begin in September next year when the Kazachok Science Station and Rosalind Franklin rover are sent to the Red Planet.
The most important stages of the mission, which will lift off from Earth in September 2022, will be the atmospheric descent and the landing of the station on the surface of Mars. The operation will include a parachute system consisting of two main bells (15 meters in diameter in the first stage and 35 meters in the second stage) and two extraction pilots.
The 35-meter-high parachute will be the largest ever used on Mars. The tests took place for three years and were not always successful, as in an earlier statement Indian That the main parachutes were breaking.
Testing will continue in March next year. The final version of the first main parachute is expected to be supplied by Airborne Systems and the second main parachute by Arescosmo.