The specialist indicated that part of the early detection is that the woman feels strange changes in her body and talks with her doctor.
Dr. Ingrid Ramirez, a gynecological oncologist in Puerto Rico.
According to exclusively published information for medicine and public health, ، Dr. Ingrid RamirezA gynecological oncologist in Puerto Rico, noted that the genetic odds that a woman will develop ovarian cancer are 15 and 20 percent, according to estimates found by her colleagues on the island and in other countries.
“This is a growing number, and therefore it is always important for women to rely on a team of specialists who can find the diagnosis, but beyond that is to appreciate every woman who knows how her behavior is behaving in the body. In other words, there are signs that cannot be ignored,” he explained.
Dr. Ramirez pointed out that ovarian cancer It does not have a diagnostic examination, but there are warning signs or symptoms that a woman can suspect and go to her doctor in time, which in her opinion is the most important thing.
The expert indicated that these signs are: loss of appetite, changes or constipation, changes in the size of the abdominal area, effortless weight loss, discomfort in the pelvic area and the frequent need to urinate.
“If a woman has these symptoms, she does not necessarily have cancer already, but this can be a precursor to detecting abnormalities and help that this diagnosis does not appear soon or is in its early stages, that is, in time for intervention,” he said.
Referring to the types of cancer, the specialist noted that there are three types associated with the condition, such as epithelial tumors that arise in the thin layer of tissue that lines the ovary from the outside. “About 90 percent of the types of ovarian cancer It’s epithelial tumors.”
There are also stromal tumors that arise in ovarian tissue that contains cells that produce hormones. These tumors are usually diagnosed at an earlier stage than other ovarian tumors. About 7 percent of ovarian tumors are stromal.
Finally, he referred to germ cell tumors that arise in the egg-producing cells. These rare cancers tend to occur in younger women.
The doctor emphasized that the woman should be attentive to the signs, because she knew the patients who told her that they noticed something strange, but left it because they underestimated it and the diagnosis did not reach. time.
“Our bodies have signals that we cannot ignore, each one knows what it feels like and how it feels, which is why I always insist on reading those signals that prevent dangerous conditions from ovarian cancer“, He said.
And the doctor emphasized that if patients were more open and honest about their symptoms, no matter how mild they were in front of their doctors, that could change everything, making it possible to give timely diagnosis and treatment.
treatment against ovarian cancer
The Dr. Ingrid Ramirez She explained that most cases of uterine cancer are detected in advanced stages, because there are no tests for it, such as cervical cancer and endometrial cancer.
That is, most of the time advanced treatment is attacked radiotherapy s Chemotherapy, or surgery.
In the latter, Dr. Ramirez noted that there are at least two types of surgeries that contribute to the treatment, and ensure that the patient has a long life expectancy.
The first is the removal of the ovary, and this is done when the stage is very early, that is, it has not spread outside. In the second case, depending on the extent of the infection, the ovaries must be removed.
In this case, if the doctor considers it, the fallopian tubes, uterus, nearby lymph nodes and the fold of fatty tissue in the abdomen (omentum) can be removed, to avoid the arrival of cancer.
in case if ChemotherapyThe specialist indicated that these Chemotherapy It is usually used after surgery to kill any cancer cells that may be left. It can also be used before surgery.
Referring to targeted therapy, Dr. Ramirez noted that these are usually intended for therapy ovarian cancer Recurring after initial treatment or for cancer resistant to other treatments.
That is, your doctor can test for cancer cells to determine the most effective targeted therapy for the type of cancer you have.
Targeted therapy is an area of active cancer research, and now several clinical trials are testing new targeted therapies.