The faces of three ancient Egyptians appeared thanks to the remains of DNA more than 2,000 years ago

The faces of three ancient Egyptians are brought back to life thanks to DNA

group of scientists Recreate The faces of three ancient Egyptian men using DNA that is more than 2,000 years old.

According to the magazine NEWSWEEKIt is believed that this is the first time that modern techniques have been used with human DNA from this antiquity, and it is estimated that the triplicate samples between 2023 and 2797 years.

The trio was named JK2134, dating from 776-569 BC, JK2888, estimated to have lived around 97-2 BC, and JK2911, from 769-560 BC.

Features of ancient Egyptian mummies revealed by Parabon Nanolabs, which used the latest technology and a forensic artist to predict the appearance of men at the age of 25.

DNA sample (Mark McKella/The New York Times)
DNA sample (Mark McKella/The New York Times)

The mummies came from A The ancient Nile community known as Abu Sir al-Malaq. Scientists noticed that Their ancestors are very similar to those of the modern-day Mediterranean and Middle Eastern individuals of the Egyptians.

He thinks his skin was so Light brown, with dark hair and eyes and no freckles. These results are very consistent with the conclusions of Scheunemann et al “The ancient Egyptians share descent more with the inhabitants of the Middle East than with the modern Egyptians, who have received an additional admixture from the sub-Saharan in more recent times” They have a fair skin allele, Parabon NanoLabs said in a press release.

Preliminary data were obtained from the three ancient Egyptian mummies, available in the European Nucleotide Archive (ENA), prior to sequencing andAlignment with the reference human genome“. Then enzymatic repair of damage in each sample.

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Analyst and Bioinformatics Analyst Parabon WGS Dr. Janet Cady, who led the work, stated that his company “has been a leader in microarray forensics for years, and With the introduction of this new imputation technology, we can now handle even the toughest ancient or forensic samplesAccording to Newsweek.

An aerial view of the Nile River valley and desert (Photo: Reuters)
An aerial view of the Nile River valley and desert (Photo: Reuters)

After the “embedding” stage, Parabon used a . file DNA phenotyping pipeline To three samples of ancient mummies. Designed to process lost data in the toughest forensic samples, Predict the origin, pigmentation, and facial morphology of each mummy.. A 3D “facial morphology” revealed the frontal and lateral features of the men, as well as a facial heat map.

stave. Ellen Gretak, Director of Bioinformatics at Parabon, said that “It is fascinating to see how genome sequencing and advanced bioinformatics can be applied to ancient DNA samples.”. “As in Parabon’s law enforcement work, These techniques are revolutionizing ancient DNA analysis, working on fragmented DNA and have been shown to be sensitive to as little as 10 pg of DNA.He added, according to Newsweek.

The results will be displayed in The 32nd International Symposium on Human Identification (ISHI), which is taking place this week in Orlando (USA).

Samples were processed by Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History and the University of Tübingen (Germany).

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