Santiago, Chile. – The Chilean Senate on Tuesday approved the bill Reducing the weekly working day from 45 to 40 hoursan initiative that will make Chile along with Ecuador the only countries in the region to have this extension in the works.
The bill entered Congress in 2017, and Approved in the Senate by 45 votes, nothing against, no abstentions.
For it to become law, all that remains is to ratify the initiative in the House of Representatives, which must approve the amendments made in the Senate.
The government is confident that the initiative can become Before the first of May, the international celebration of Labor Day.
The initiative was presented to Congress by my representatives Communist Partybetween them Camila Vallejothe official spokesperson for the current minister of government.
The bill, which was approved by the House of Representatives in its first process, initially did not contemplate gradual implementation, but after passing it through the Senate It is established that this change will take place within a period of five years.
In this way, the weekly working day in one year’s period would be 44 hours, reduced to 42 hours in the third year of law enforcement 40 hours after five years.
The fix also includes Proposing a 4-day workday, otherwise known as 4×3“Where the workers have the possibility of defining a working day to distribute four working days and three days off,” he said. Mercury.
He adds, “The text also includes Two new rights for parents and caregivers of children under the age of 12 Such as time ranges for entering and leaving work, overtime compensation alternative of up to 5 additional days of holidays. All this is always in joint agreement with the employer.
Regulations provide that the new extension of the working day It may not mean reducing employee wages The government justifies it so that workers have more time for activities other than work.
In January 2005, Shelley implemented its first reduction in its working week, from 48 to 45 hours.
If this second reduction is approved, Chile will join Ecuador as the only two countries in Latin America to have a 40-hour work week. In Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay, the flight time is 48 hours. Sections of the Argentine ruling party also introduced legislative projects to try to reduce the working week, but they met resistance and remained in power.
Brazil, El Salvador, Guatemala and Venezuela have a working day of between 42 and 45 hours per week, according to updated data from the International Labor Organization (ILO).
Latin America is one of the regions of the world with the most working hours annually and has one of the highest rates of informal employment, according to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
France Press agency