Madrid, 17 (European Press)
A new report from the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) shows the diverse impacts of climate change and extreme weather events in Latin America and the Caribbean.
In just one year, both regions experienced severe droughts, tropical storms, extreme heat waves, torrential rains, devastating hurricanes and catastrophic fires in the Amazon. This puts people’s health and safety at risk, threatens food, water and energy security, and puts the environment at risk, the report says.
The document shows that its effects are felt throughout the region, as well as in the peaks of the Andes, river basins and low-lying islands. Concern about fires and loss of forest mass, which is a vital carbon sink, was also highlighted.
In “The State of the Climate in Latin America and the Caribbean in 2020” briefly presents the effects of increased temperatures, change in precipitation distribution, storms, and receding glaciers. It also includes cross-border analyzes, such as the drought of the Pantanal in South America and severe hurricane season in Central America and the Caribbean. Detailed regional information is also provided to check the deterioration of global climate change indicators.
The report and accompanying charts show how marine life, coastal ecosystems and the human communities that depend on them, particularly in small island developing states, face increasing threats from ocean acidification, rising water temperatures, and rising sea levels.
The report was released on August 17 at a high-level conference titled “Working Together for Hydrometeorology and Climate Resilience in Latin America and the Caribbean,” organized under the auspices of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean. Caribbean Sea (ECLAC). The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR).
The interagency report is based on a standardized methodology for assessing the physical aspects of the climate system. It includes inputs from National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs), WMO Regional Climate Centres, research institutions and international and regional organizations.