Meteorological phenomena can be classified according to their duration and spatial extent. At the microscopic level it is defined as micro-meteorology. In this respect, they are mechanisms by which the environment interacts with organisms for a short period of time and with less horizontal and vertical span.
This climatology application The first meters from the groundAs defined by INTA experts, it has a strong impact on the agricultural sector.
Among other applications, precision meteorology allows for an approach Extreme variants Such as frost, the behavior and evolution of pests and diseases, the variation in the distribution of available water, and at the present time, for the necessary intense capture of meteorological variables simultaneously with certain management practices, ”summarizes Pablo Mercury, Director of the Center for Investigation of Natural Resources (CIRN) of INTA .
For the expert, this science solves the imperfection. “Even the surface data capture networks are very dispersed,” he says, “and we resort to interpolations or information networks derived from the processing of various satellite images.”
At INTA Mendoza, the vine ecology group conducts local climate studies, measuring temperature, radiation, relative humidity and wind speed conditions at the level of the vine canopy.
According to Jorge Prieto, researcher from this unit, they are currently characterizing microclimate in different farm orientations and in other alternatives to managing vineyards to adapt to climate change.
Through the sensor Daloggers, Developed by the National Technological University (UTN), these devices are paired with the plant and at the same time, for example, they heat up the plant and scan the environment to determine the differences between the plant / environment in that subtle atmosphere.
“The microclimate allows us to understand how temperature affects grape ripeness, pH, acidity and color, which allows us to later guide decisions,” Prieto stressed.