The dyslexia Today’s celebration october 8 world day. Although the definition agreed upon by the International Dyslexia Association presents it as “a specific learning difficulty (DEA) Originally nervousWhich is characterized by difficulties with accuracy and fluency in recognizing (written) words and by a lack of decoding (reading) and spelling (spelling) skills. New scientific evidence It will go in the opposite direction.
It is according to researchers from the University of Strathclyde and the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom, “Dyslexia is not a disorder, but a developmental feature It makes people more willing to explore.”
The truth is One in ten people in the world Living with this condition, the new findings could radically change its concept.
Characterized by a difficulty that primarily causes problems with reading, writing, and spelling during the early years of school – the average age at diagnosis being ten years – according to the new research, Dyslexia is actually a vital tool that has helped humanity adapt.
Dr Helen Taylor of the University of Cambridge led the study, and later said that “the disability-focused view of dyslexia does not tell the whole story”. Until now, dyslexia was considered a problem due to Modern educational systems focus on the things patients struggle with They have neglected what they have excelled at, he said with his colleague, Dr Martin Westergaard of Cambridge University.
Experts have reviewed previous studies of people with dyslexia and disagreed with the prevailing theory that it is a cognitive deficit.
In this sense, Taylor emphasized that “balancing exploring new opportunities and exploiting the benefits of a particular choice is key to adaptation and survival and underpins many of the decisions we make in our daily lives.”
in the magazine frontiers in psychologyWhere the researchers published Your work conclusionsThey confirmed it Dyslexia should not be considered a disorder.
As they found out, people with dyslexia Actually “Abilities Enhanced” In certain areas, such as discovery, invention and creativity.
“We urgently need to start nurturing this way of thinking so that humanity can continue to adapt and solve major challenges,” says lead author Taylor.
The researchers concluded that People with dyslexia specialize in exploration and curiosity. This “exploration bias,” as they called it, plays a “critical role” in human survival by helping people adapt to changing environments.
Innovation and long-term thinking are some of the skills and strengths associated with these exploration behaviours.
Researchers have linked dyslexia to human evolution over hundreds of thousands of years, in which humans – and thus their brains – have had to adapt to constant change, rather than a constant environment.
The authors of the new article said so Dyslexia can be an advantage Similar to the faster and stronger people who once succeeded in hunters, for example, because they had a so-called physique. In the case of dyslexia, it allows people to be more flexible and able to make the most of new environments.
Previous studies have already supported it Redefining dyslexia as a strength Not as a weakness.
“The Value of Dyslexia,” a report by professional services firm EY and Made by Dyslexia, a charity redefining dyslexia, argues that the strengths of people with dyslexia can help employers navigate the rapidly changing world of work.
The authors concluded that people with dyslexia can demonstrate “strong,” “very strong,” and “exceptional” performance in a series of “cognitive skills, system skills, complex problem-solving skills, content skills, processing skills, and technical skills.”