Optimistic but very cautious. Iran said talks about the United States’ return to the 2015 nuclear deal have progressed.
For a few days, the Iranian authorities have been negotiating with the signatories of the agreement – Russia, China, France, the United Kingdom and Germany – in Vienna. And despite the indirect participation of the United States, Iran says the talks have entered a new phase.
“It seems that a new understanding is being formed between the two parties, and all of them now share the same final goal. Now the way forward is better known,” said Iranian Deputy Foreign Minister Abbas Araghchi, adding that his country proposed a draft. Agreements that can serve as a basis for negotiations.
But Iran’s goodwill is not reflected in its nuclear facilities. The International Atomic Energy Agency has confirmed that Iran has started production of uranium hexafluoride enriched up to 60% at the Natanz facility.
Tehran has defended its activities, claiming that they are a response to last week’s sabotage that it blames Israel for.
The increase in uranium enrichment to 60% purity is the highest level ever recorded. Under the 2015 nuclear deal, known as JCPOA for its English acronym, Iran is prohibited from enriching uranium to more than 3.67%, although that limit was crossed to 20% last January.
The United States and Europe condemned this week the violation of these obligations, describing it as “provocative and dangerous” and warned that it might impede the ongoing negotiations in Vienna to save the nuclear agreement.
President Joe Biden wants to return to the agreement, but before the sanctions are lifted, he demands Iran fulfill all of its obligations under the agreement, which Tehran rejects, and demands that Washington be the first to lift the sanctions.