As reported by the London tabloid UK metro, many experts assert that some The coastal and lowland towns of the United KingdomFlood-prone, can be complete Underwater by 2050.
According to the study Climate.gov, in the year 2020 Sea levels around the world They have reached a historical record. higher than that recorded in 1993. Today, the rate of sea level rise has doubled, from 0.06 to 0.14 inches per year.
Which British cities are most at risk of being submerged by 2050?
The 10 cities or regions most at risk of flooding by 2050 are Portsmouth, East Riding of Yorkshire, Arun (West Sussex), Merton (Lunder), Chichester (West Sussex), Kensington and Chelsea, Conwy (Gallis), Great Yarmouth (Norfolk), West Berkshire Worthing. Likewise, Bolton and South Holland, in Lincolnshire; They will also be seriously affected.
Similarly, it is expected that East Coast It will be most affected, because the sea will claim the land haloLincoln and Spalding. While in the west, the Lancashire coast, including Blackpool and Southport, is at the same risk.
The British capital will be no exception, as there are areas close to the river. FulhamAnd GreenwichStratford and above And the Thamsto Other areas may also suffer from flooding. Some specialists point out that this would lead to the need to move the capital to another location, as they estimate that the water will reach the second floor of the building. Buckingham Palace.
central climate, The non-profit news organization that analyzes and reports on climate science, has developed an interactive tool to detect coastal hazards. With Google Earth platform support, The program is able to clarify the potential impact of global warming. There, a thirty-year representation of historical sites and monuments that will be affected by sea level rise is on display.
If the world will produce a large amount of greenhouse gases By 2100, global sea levels are likely to rise at least 12 inches above what they were in 2000. Moreover, it is estimated that more than 1.3 million UK residents and businesses are at risk of flooding by 2050.
The most significant flood risk in the Thames Estuary comes from a storm surge event, so a fender system was built to reduce the risk
Why is sea level rising on the planet?
NASA reports that the ocean absorbs more than 90 percent of the heat trapped by the planet due to increased concentrations of Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. As the water temperature increases, its volume expands and causes sea level to rise.
Warmer oceans lead to increased strength and frequency of precipitation and storms. As the planet warms, the melting of ice caps is also contributing to rising sea levels. as a result of, low-lying coastal areas Around the world frequent floods. Some may become uninhabitable in the future.
Today, world leaders are discussing how to make changes to deal with them Impacts of Climate Change at COP26, in Glasgow. The UK government planned to invest heavily in flood prevention projects such as wall construction and floodplain expansions over the next six years.
fact, The effects of climate change are already present in Great Britain. February 2020 was recorded as the wettest month with the arrival of storms Ciara, Dennis and Jorge.
What is London doing to protect itself from rising sea levels?
The Thames Barrier protects the city of London from the effects of water such as flooding and is used on average 6-7 times a year. However, this was not intended to protect her Sea level rise caused by climate change.
The Environment Agency (EA) designed a new plan called the Thames Estuary Plan, which contains protection strategies for the next fifteen years and the end of the twenty-first century.
The most significant flood risk in the Thames Estuary comes from a storm surge event, so a fender system was built to reduce the risk. This includes the Thames Barrier, other smaller barriers, 350 kilometers of flood walls and dams, pumping stations, and flood gates.
The plan is based on a relative sea level rise of 90 cm by 2100, but it is adaptable up to 2.7 metres. The plan was approved by the government in 2012 and outlines how the EAA, in collaboration with partners, will protect 1.25 million people and 200,000 million pounds worth of property from the tides of the capital.