The Socialists of Catalonia (PSC) won the regional elections Sunday In this autonomous community, which is the second largest population in Spain, Except for surprise, however, he would not be able to judge. Although the number of seats won doubled four years ago (from 17 to 33), The Socialists failed to break the national majority, which by adding MPs from various powers could maintain their control of the Generalitat (the autonomous government).
Willing to break the separatist dynamic that has caused a serious institutional crisis in Spain, HHead of Government and Secretary General of the Socialist Workers Party, A month ago, Pedro Sanchez chose a high-stakes step: he reconstituted his government in the midst of a pandemic and entrusted Health Minister Salvador Illa with the difficult task of reviving a struggling PSC.The federal formation with the Socialist Workers’ Party, which blocked two elections at the lowest level in history.
The result was good (1st place with 23% of the vote, 33 seats) but not enough. Illa, a Catalan graduate of philosophy who built a reputation as a dialogue politician during his tenure as minister, managed to position the PSC as the most voted formation, but was not cut off from the separatist majority. Although he had practically no means, the Socialist candidate announced tonight that he would appear before Parliament to request that he take over the position of President of the Generalitat.
However, there will likely be a national government again. The two dominant powers in that space – Esquerra Republicana (ERC) and JuntsxCat – that have shared government for the past four years, are practically linked. Although the left-wing formation succeeded in changing the outcome four years ago and stood slightly above the conservative force led by former Catalan President Carles Puigdemont from the Belgian city of Waterloo, who escaped after the unilateral declaration of independence and which ended with nine independence leaders in prison.
The race to lead the Independence Bloc has been of vital importance ever since If the two powers agree again, the presidency will be aligned with the Equity and Reconciliation Commission, which won 21% and 33 deputies against 20% and 32 seats for the Juntsex Cat.
This agreement between independents is the first choice in the post-election panorama, despite the fact that in recent months, the terrible relations with which both powers ended the legislature were evident. From that way, The ERC candidate, Pere Aragonés, who ended his term after leaving due to the incompetence of his predecessor, Kim Tora (JuntsxCat), is emerging as the future president of the Generalitat. Aragones announced tonight that the new phase will be led by the left-wing independence movement and Pedro Sanchez demanded an amnesty for the politicians convicted of the illegal declaration of independence.
Both separatist forces add 65 seats to three of the outright majority, Therefore, they should receive support for the candidacy of the People’s Unity – CUP (Caucus and Independence Left) which has practically doubled its results four years ago, from four to nine years. In total, the pro-independence forces, which benefited from a high abstention rate (over 46%), won 51% of the vote and 74 seats in Parliament out of 135.
The other option that the ERC may have is a left-wing agreement, which is less likely but not impossible. For this it would be necessary to have the support of the PSC, with more votes but the same number of seats (33), with eight of En Comú Podem, the Catalan version of Podemos, slacking at less than 7 percent of the vote.
In space on the right, the detachment of the far-right caused an earthquake. Vox won 11 seats with more than seven percent of the vote and relegated to Ciudadanos to the point that from being the most voted party in 2017 with around 25 percent of the vote, it fell to seventh and lost 30 of 36 parliamentarians. Even worse is the popular party, which continues to fall free and has only three MPs, less than the 2017 parliamentarians.