The President of the United States, Joe Biden, has called 40 world leaders to a hypothetical summit against climate change, including the leaders of China, Xi JinpingAnd from Russia, Russian President Vladimir Putin, With whom Washington has a tense relationship.
Among the invited Latin American leaders are the presidents of Argentina, Alberto Fernandez; Colombia, Evan Duque; Brazil, Jair Bolsonaro; Chile, Sebastian Pinera; Mexico, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador.
According to the White House, at the meeting to be held on April 22-23, the leaders of the 17 countries responsible for 80% of global emissions were invited, in addition to the leaders of other countries suffering from the impacts. Of climate change or those who have shown a willingness to combat it.
The White House also announced that before the summit, it would announce “ambitious targets” to cut carbon emissions under the umbrella Paris Climate AgreementFrom which the United States departed under the Donald Trump government (2017-2021) and which Biden joined on his first day as president.
The aim of the summit is to invite other countries to formulate their own commitments Reducing greenhouse gases, The White House indicated.
The other guests are the Turkish President, Recep Tayyip ErdoganAnd the King of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Salman bin Abdulaziz, Which manages the country with the largest proven oil reserves in the world.
President of the European Commission (EC), Ursula von der Leyen; German Chancellor, Angela Merkel; French President, Emmanuel Macron; The head of the Spanish government, Pedro SanchezAnd the British Prime Minister, Boris Johnson.
In fact, Johnson spoke on the phone Friday with Biden and, according to the White House, both agreed on “the importance of developing ambitious climate targets” to capitalize on the summit and that the UK is currently holding the rotating presidency of the Group of Seven, the world’s richest and most industrialized nation.
Speaking to the press at the White House, Biden made it clear that he spoke on Thursday with European Union members about the summit and indicated that he has not yet spoken about it. Put it in s Something Individually, although “they know they are called”.
The United States hopes that the meeting will work to prepare for the Glasgow Climate Summit (COP26), which was scheduled to take place at the end of November 2020, but was postponed due to the Coronavirus epidemic and scheduled to take place between November 1 and 12. this year.
Before Biden, other presidents such as George W. Bush (2001-2009) and Barack Obama (2009-2017) held similar summit meetings with heads of state and government from around the world to address the global warming problem.
Trump cardBut he stopped organizing those meetings and canceled dozens of them during his tenure Environmental regulations It has always positioned itself on the side of the fossil fuel sector.
In response, Biden wants to make the climate crisis a central focus of his mandate.
To do so, he created the position of the US Special Envoy for Climate, who appointed former Secretary of State John Kerry, and also promised that he would invest $ 1.7 trillion in clean energy and get the United States to reduce its emissions. To zero greenhouse gases by 2050.