It is universally recognized that the state must provide society with basic basic services with public goods that are indivisible, meaning that every single citizen cannot face them. The main functions of the state can be summarized in five functions: health, education, security, defense and justice. Unfortunately, Argentina suffers from an alarming deficit in each of these areas. A warning should be put in place regarding education, because in Argentina the government plays an important role in terms of programs and content, but the private sector is taking an increasingly important place due to the deterioration of public education.
By comparing the data related to Argentina with the data of other countries with similar natural resources, such as Australia and Canada, which appear from World Bank publications, it can be seen that our country is much lower than that, according to the latest available data. lets see.
Public Health. According to 2019 data, the infant mortality rate, expressed in children under five years of age per 1,000 population, was 9.3 in Argentina, 4.9 in Canada and 3.6 in Australia.
safety. The number of premeditated murders per 100,000 people in 2018 was 5.3 in Argentina, 1.7 in Canada and 0.9 in Australia.
education. Public spending on education in terms of GDP shows very similar proportions in Argentina (5.5%), Canada (5.3%), and Australia (5.3%). The same thing happens with total government spending in Argentina (13.3%), Canada (12.2%) and Australia (13.6%). (The data is consistent with 2017, although the most recent data available from Canada date back to 2011, showing stability even then.) However, the level reached by education shows different results, as evidenced by the PISA tests organized by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. In the latest measure of 2018, Argentina ranked 66th out of 79 countries, out of Canada (9) and Australia (21). In mathematics, which is fundamental to learning “hard science”, Argentina ranked 71 out of 79 countries.
Defense. Military spending as a percentage of central government spending in 2019 was 1.9% in Argentina, 3.1% in Canada, and 5.1% in Australia.
justice. The strength of legal rights index, prepared by the World Bank, with 0 equal to the weakest and 12 to the strongest, shows the most negative results for Argentina (2), compared to Canada (9) and Australia (eleven).
If our country wanted to reverse the downward trend that has been swinging for several decades, this made it fall from the 10th place in the world in terms of GDP per capita in 1913 according to the survey by A. Madison for the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Economy) to the number 62 in 2018, according to the World Bank, It must make every effort to use public spending in areas deemed necessary for it, and not waste financial resources in areas that are not necessary.